Contraception due to being occupied with previous children

Category: 

Social Matters

According to Madhhab: 

Hanafi

Reference: 

1440-500

Question: 

A married
sister has three children in a period of four years. The smallest is two and a
half years old, at present she is quite occupied with her children hence unable
to have more children for the next few years.

What form
of contraception may she or her husband use?


Answer: 

Firstly, Shariah {Islamic law] has encouraged its bearers to have more offspring and increase the population of the Ummah as is mentioned in various Ahadith.

Nabi e Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam has stated:

“ تَزَوَّجُوا الْوَلُودَ الْوَدُودَ فَإِ نّ مُكَاثِرٌ بِكُمْ ”

'Marry the one who is prolific and loving, for I will boast of your great numbers.' (Nasa'i #3227) 

Additionally, one should also bear in mind that if Allah Ta'aala has decreed a baby to be born, then whether a person likes or dislikes, uses contraceptives or not; the baby will still be born and vice versa.

Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is reported to have said:

"مَا مِنْ نَسَمَ ة كائِنَ ة إِلََ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ إِلاَّ هِيَ كَائِنَةٌ "

"There is no soul that is destined to exist but will come into existence, till the Day of resurrection". (Bikhari #5210) 

The sister should be grateful to Allah Ta'aala for granting her children and seek the help of Allah Ta'aala who grants children will also assist you in handling the children.

Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam has said :

" تَزَوَّجُوا الْوَدُودَ الْوَلُودَ فَإِ نّ مُكَاثِرٌ بِكُمُ الأُمَمَ "

Marry women who are loving and very prolific, for I shall outnumber the people by you. (Abu Dawood #5020) 

Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam has also stated that:

إذا مات الأنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث: صدقة جارية، أو علم ينتفع به، أو ولد صالح يدعو له"

"When a man dies, his deeds come to an end, except for three: A continuous charity, knowledge by which people derive benefit, pious son who prays for him." (Muslim #949) 

The Islamic law of usage of conventional reversible contraception have been paralleled to coitus interruptus [Azl]; therefore, the ruling will be as follows:

The usage of contraceptives will be deemed permissible in Shariah if there exists a valid Sharie excuse examples of such excuses are as follows:

1. A woman has become so weak that falling pregnant and carrying the weight of the foetus would severely and adversely affect her life and wellbeing.

2. A woman strongly feels that her pregnancy will severely affect the health of another child [that is breastfeeding].

In the enquired instance, where the smallest child is already two and half years old and the period of breastfeeding is over, it would be advised that contraceptives should not be used, keeping this fact in mind that Shariah has considered usage of contraceptives under normal circumstances as Makrooh.

Furthermore, the usage of contraceptives for birth control [breathing space] could be abused and its usage could be prolonged unnecessarily; therefore, the ulama [scholars of Deen] have based the permissibility of birth control only due to health reasons. (Ahsanul Fatawa Vol. 8 Pg. 347-353)

Parents being worried of the Tarbiyat [nurturing of the children] is a praiseworthy quality and strongly emphasized in Shariah.

Nonetheless, Allah Ta'aala does not place on any of his servants a responsibility beyond his capability as mentioned in the Holy Quran:

لا يكلف الله نفسا الا وسعها

Allah Ta'aala does not place on a soul a responsibility (duty) except what is within its capability.

Last but not the least, the parents will be rewarded tremendously for nurturing the children, if they bear the hardships and exercise patience. Similarly, the father plays an equal part in nurturing the children; therefore, he should assist the wife in every possible way. This is to facilitate that this task remains no burden upon her.

AND ALLAH TA'AALA ALONE IN HIS INFINITE KNOWLEDGE KNOWS BEST

ANSWERED BY: Ridwaan Hashim 

CHECKED AND APPROVED BY: Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B. 

Islamic Date: ٦ ذو القعدة ١٤٤٠ 

English Date: 09 July 2019

Tags: